What you Need to Know about Chagas Disease (American Trypanosomiasis)

Continuing in the quest to highlight and ignite conversation on Neglected Tropica diseases (NTDs), this week’s focus is on Chagas disease. Chagas disease also known as American Trypanosomiasis is a parasitic disease affecting affecting millions of people. Caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, the disease is spread by Triatomine bugs (kissing bugs) with high prevalence in Latin America. https://www.paho.org/en/topics/chagas-disease.

The disease is endemic in 21 countries and is one of the vector borne diseases threatening populations in the Americas region including malaria and dengue (Figure 1). In the past decade the disease has been detected outside the region including Africa, Europe, East Mediterranean and Western Pacific regions.

Figure 1: Vector borne diseases in the Americas region https://ais.paho.org/phip/viz/cha_cd_vectorborndiseases.asp

Chagas disease affects both children and adults with newborns infected during pregnancy as well as during child birth. Here are 5 important things you need to know about Chagas disease (Figure 2).

Figure 2: What you need to know about Chagas Disease

Published by People, Pandemics and Epidemics (PPE)

Billions around the world are affected by diseases in one way or the other, be it directly or indirectly. Both communicable and non- communicable diseases affect communities worldwide. Communicable (infectious) diseases have been associated with the environment, socioeconomic status, geographical location and access to healthcare. With various disease outbreaks affecting many parts of the world and millions of people being affected, the year 2020 has ushered in another level of an outbreak, the COVID-19 Pandemic. The disease started as an outbreak in one part of a country, soon spread to other countries and continents becoming a pandemic. People, Pandemics and Epidemics will discuss the various infectious disease outbreaks, the solutions to fighting these outbreaks, and what has been achieved so far.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: